Insurance: Medicaid, Medicare, Obamacare

Navigating the world of health insurance can be a daunting task. With a plethora of options available and various regulations governing them, it can be difficult to determine the best fit for you and your family. This guide will help simplify things and provide a clearer understanding of the different health insurance options available.

1. Health Insurance Open Enrollment:

What is Open Enrollment?

Open enrollment is a specific period during which individuals can enroll in or make changes to their health insurance plan. If you miss this window, you might have to wait until the next open enrollment period to make changes unless you qualify for a Special Enrollment Period due to specific life events, such as marriage, birth of a child, or loss of other coverage.


For the most up-to-date deadlines and dates for open enrollment, visit the official website or contact them at 1-800-318-2596.

Who does it matter to?

Open enrollment matters to anyone without health insurance, those who purchase insurance on their own, or those who want to make changes to their existing health insurance coverage.

2. Medicare:

What is Medicare?

Medicare is a federal health insurance program for:

  • People who are 65 or older.
  • Some younger people with disabilities.
  • People with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant).

Different Parts of Medicare:

  • Part A (Hospital Insurance): Covers inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care, and some home health care.
  • Part B (Medical Insurance): Covers certain doctors’ services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.
  • Part C (Medicare Advantage Plans): A type of Medicare health plan offered by a private company that contracts with Medicare to provide you with all your Part A and Part B benefits.
  • Part D (Prescription Drug Coverage): Offers prescription drug coverage to everyone with Medicare.
  • Medicare Supplemental Policies (Medigap): These are additional policies you can buy if you have Medicare Part A and Part B that pay some of the health care costs that Original Medicare doesn’t cover, like co-payments, co-insurance, and deductibles.

Medicare for Disability Claimants

Claimants are only eligible if they have received 24 months of Social Security Disability benefits. Medicare does not depend on financial criteria.

For more information on Medicare and supplemental policies, visit the official Medicare website or call 1-800-MEDICARE (1-800-633-4227).

3. Medicaid:

What is Medicaid?

Medicaid is a joint federal and state program that provides health coverage to people with low income, including some low-income adults, children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities.

Who is eligible?

Eligibility for Medicaid depends on income, household size, disability, family status, and other factors. Generally, people who are filing for disability benefits are considered for Medicaid eligibility, and those already receiving disability benefits may also be eligible.

Each state has its own guidelines about who is eligible and what is covered. Check with your state’s Medicaid program for details.

Medicaid for Disability Claimants

Claimants are automatically eligible for Medicaid if they meet the financial requirements for Supplemental Security Income disability benefits. Financial limits for Medicaid can be found at Individuals may apply for assistance online at: The Medically Needy Program is for individuals who are not eligible for “full” Medicaid because their income or assets are over the Medicaid program limits. These people must have a certain amount of medical bills each month before Medicaid can be approved. This is referred to as a “share of cost” and varies depending on household income. Once an individual meets the share of cost for the month, the individual must contact DCF to complete bill tracking and approve Medicaid for the remainder of the month. The Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA) can give you more information on Medicaid covered services and enrolled providers for those services. Contact the local AHCA Area Office for your county or visit their website at If you have questions about how “share of cost” works, what expenses count, or what proof is needed, contact the Department of Children and Families at: 1-866-76-ACCESS or 1-866-762-2237, 1-800-955-8771 (TTY).

For more detailed information on Medicaid and disability eligibility, visit the official Medicaid website or call the national hotline at 1-877-267-2323.

4. Private Health Insurance:

What is Private Health Insurance?

Private health insurance refers to health insurance plans marketed by the private health insurance industry, rather than government-run insurance programs. These can be purchased for individuals or for groups (like for a company’s employees).

Who is it best for?

Private health insurance is best for those who:

  • Are not eligible for government-run programs like Medicare or Medicaid.
  • Want broader options for healthcare providers.
  • Can afford the monthly premiums and other associated costs.

For more information on private health insurance options, consulting a local insurance agent or using broker platforms can be beneficial.

5. The Affordable Care Act (Obamacare):

What is the Affordable Care Act (ACA)?

The ACA, commonly referred to as Obamacare, is a comprehensive health care reform law enacted in March 2010. The law has three primary goals: increasing the number of the insured, improving the quality and efficiency of health care, and reducing the costs of health care.

Who is it best for?

The ACA is beneficial for:

  • Those with pre-existing conditions who might have been denied coverage previously.
  • Young adults wanting to stay on their parents’ plan until age 26.
  • Low- to middle-income families who can benefit from subsidies to help lower the cost of insurance.

For more details and resources on the ACA, visit the official website or call them at 1-800-318-2596.


When deciding on health insurance, consider your personal needs, your financial situation, and any health issues or requirements you may have. Whether it’s through Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, or ACA plans, ensuring you have coverage can safeguard you against unpredictable health expenses. Always consult with a health insurance professional or counselor to get advice tailored to your situation.


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